Afzelia africana occurs in the dense evergreen forest, but also common in the savanna and coastal forests of East Africa. The tree reaches its best development on moist sites. It is known or inferred that unless the species is subject to strict regulation.
The total length varies from 26 to 40 m, with trunk diameter of 100 to 170 cm and more. The bole is clear, it attains 10 to 16 m in length, some large irregular buttresses are sometimes present. The sapwood is whitish to pale yellow, it has a thickness of 2 to 5 cm. The heartwood is reddish brown, it is clearly demarcated.
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