Afzelia pachyloba (White Afzelia or apa) is an economic species of tropical forest tree in the Fabaceae family. It is found in tropical Western and Central Africa where it is threatened by habitat loss. Heartwood is a reddish brown.
Well defined sapwood is a pale yellowish white. Color tends to darken with age. Pieces containing pommele or blistered figure are sometimes sold under the name Afzelia xylay, which is a shortened version of the botanical name of a particular Asian species, Afzelia xylocarpa.
Afzelia pachyloba is a deciduous tree that usually grows from 20 - 35 metres tall, occasionally reaching 40 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for 20 - 25 metres, 60 - 80cm in diameter, sometimes sinuous with thin buttresses at base The tree is commonly harvested from the wild for its timber, which is traded internationally. The tree is heavily exploited for its commercial timbe - relatively few seed trees remain throughout its range. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
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